The Forgotten Master Project

Have you ever had the experience seeing a remarkable work of art and after reading the name of the artist, wondering “Why haven’t I ever heard of her before?!”

This happens to me all the time. As I travel around the world to major and provincial museums, attend auctions, and visit private collections, I see astounding masterpieces by artists whose anonymity defies the quality of their work. I write down their names and do my best to find out who they are. Often I learn that these sculptors and painters are well known to seemingly everyone but me. But, in some cases, I find that there is little known about them. I call these artists “Forgotten Masters.” And I have a list of more than 300 so far.

These artists range from the fourteenth century to the present. Some are the equivalent of one-hit wonders — making an award-winning work and never quite reaching that level again. But many were consistently skilled and hugely influential. They have been left out of the standard narrative of the history of art through various circumstances (e.g. dying young, working in provinces, becoming teachers, being out of step with the zeitgeist, or being women).

Last year, I gave a lecture series on the development and careers of several well-established Old Masters. The lectures were attended in person by professional artists, who added their remarkable perspectives to my art-historical approach. We recorded several of these and put them online. (You can access them here.) Some of these online recordings were visited more than 150,000 times.

This Fall, when our lecture series begins again, rather than revisit the careers of well-researched artists whose works have been examined and broadcast many times — and for good reason — my plan is to bring much needed attention to these Forgotten Masters. Because these artists are, by definition, difficult to find in museums, online, or libraries, I would like to create a collaboration between me, those who are attending the lectures, and anyone who wishes to participate online.

Balthasar Denner (German, 1685-1749) Portrait of an Old Woman (c. 1725) Oil on copper. 14 5/8 x 12 3/8 in. Hermitage Museum.
Balthasar Denner (German, 1685-1749) Portrait of an Old Woman (c. 1725) Oil on copper. 14 5/8 x 12 3/8 in. Hermitage Museum.

I WANT YOUR LIST TOO

I have narrowed my list of 300+ to about 50 names. But I know that my list is probably woefully incomplete. If you have thoughts on how it can improve, Please:

  1. Look through the list
  2. Tell me who I have missed. (Put their names in the comments or send me an email.)
  3. Berate me if I have included anyone unworthy of the list.
  4. Share the list with others who you think will be interested.
Lemuel Everett Wilmarth (American, 1835-1918) Still life with oranges and raisins (1890) Oil on canvas. 9 1:8 x 13 1:8 in. Private collection.
Lemuel Everett Wilmarth (American, 1835-1918) Still life with oranges and raisins (1890) Oil on canvas. 9 1:8 x 13 1:8 in. Private collection.

THE BEGINNING OF A CONVERSATION

Once we have a good amount of feedback and a solid list, I will start working on the lectures. Each lecture will discuss a Forgotten Master, his or her training, major works, influence, and place within the well-remembered artists of the time. Each lecture will be recorded, put online and accompanied by a post on BeardedRoman.com. These posts will be a major resource, where those who have additional information relating to the artist can share their findings.

SOME BACKGROUND

About ten years ago, I posted a few Forgotten-Master-themed posts on Bearded Roman. (You can see them here). By far, they have been the most visited posts on this site and are still the top links for Google searches for each of those artists. In particular, the post about Hugues Merles (French, 1823-1881) led to lively discussions online and off, and to one exhibition.

Over time, I hope that the artists we select together will be better known and that we can provide a resource for future studies.

Pompeo Leoni (Milanese, 1533-1608) Emperor Charles V & the Fury (1549) Bronze. 251 x 143 cm. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid.
Pompeo Leoni (Milanese, 1533-1608) Emperor Charles V & the Fury (1549) Bronze. 251 x 143 cm. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid.

DISCLAIMER

You may recognize some of the names on this list. Some of them may be well known to you or the larger world for a single work of art; but, unknown for the rest of their oeuvre or other contributions.

My criteria for being “forgotten” is no major catalogue or exhibition in the last 50 years OR not being discussed outside a small region (i.e. many artists are well known within their small community; but, little or no information appears outside of their native language).

My criteria for being a “master” is less scientific. It depends on whether or not their work is exceptional compared to their peers (e.g. fellow artists, collectors, critics) and whether or not their work had a lasting influence on others.

Theo van Rysselberghe (Belgian, 1862-1926) Maria Sethe at the Harmonium (1891) Oil on canvas. 46 1/2 x 33 1/3 in. Koninklijk Museum, Antwerp.
Theo van Rysselberghe (Belgian, 1862-1926) Maria Sethe at the Harmonium (1891) Oil on canvas. 46 1/2 x 33 1/3 in. Koninklijk Museum, Antwerp.

THE LIST

Click on the green dot next to each artist’s name for my one-sentence description of the artist and a link to a representative work of art.

ARTIST NAME
NATIONALITY
GENDER
CENTURY
BIRTH-DEATH
MEDIUM
KEY WORK
LINK
ONE SENTENCE
Pieter AertsenDutchM16th1508 - 1575PainterMeat Stall with Holy Family Giving Alms (1551) North Carolina Museum of Art.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Meat_Stall_with_the_Holy_Family_Giving_Alms#/media/File:A_Meat_Stall_with_the_Holy_Family_Giving_Alms_-_Pieter_Aertsen_-_Google_Cultural_Institute.jpgPainter of large-scale genre and still lifes combined with religious themes, whose works were acquired by an international cast of royal and noble collectors.
Francesco NegroliMilaneseM16th1510 - 1579ArmourerBurgonet (1543) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/22634Sculptor who dedicated his life to making heroic armour.
Luca CambiasiGeneoeseM16th1527 - 1585PainterMadonna of the Candle (c. 1570) Musei di Strada Nuovahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luca_Cambiaso_-_Madonna_of_the_Candle_-_Google_Art_Project.jpgLeading Geneose artist of the sixteenth century, who worked in oils, frescoes, and architectural drafts
Pompeo LeoniItalianM16th1533 - 1608SculptorEmperor Charles V and the Fury (1551-1555) Museo National del Prado, Madrid.https://www.museodelprado.es/coleccion/obra-de-arte/carlos-v-y-el-furor/271cd3bf-243d-4c17-b0c7-83716cc9d230Monumental scupltor to the Emperor of Spain.
Daniel SeghersDutchM17th1590 - 1661PainterGarland of flowers with a sculpture of the Virgin Mary (1645) Royal Picture Gallery, Mauritshuis, The Hague.https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Daniel_Seghers_Garland_with_Virgin_1645_paid_with_gold_maulstick_1646.JPGStudent of Jan Brueghel, specializing in floral wreath of remarkable naturalism, composition, and symbolism.
Giovanni Battista Salvi da SassoferratoItalianM17th1609 - 1685PainterVirgin Mary (c. 1640) National Gallery, London.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Battista_Salvi_da_Sassoferrato#/media/File:Sassoferrato_-_Jungfrun_i_b%C3%B6n.jpgOnly known for a few works, Biography unknown
Balthasar DennerGermanM17th/18th1685 - 1749PainterPortrait of an Old Woman (c. 1725) Getty Center Museum.http://www.arthermitage.org/Balthasar-Denner/Portrait-of-an-Old-Woman.htmlVirtuosic portraitist
Lambert SigisbertFrenchM18th1700 - 1759SculptorThe Triumph of Neptune stilling the Waves (1732) Musée du Louvre.http://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/neptune-calming-wavesOne of two virtuosic French brothers who studied in Rome and brought their taste for large-scale marble sculptures to France.
Luis Egidio MeléndezSpanishM18th1716 - 1780PainterBodegón con besugos, naranjas, ajo, condimentos y utensilios de cocina. (1772) Museo Nacional del Prado.https://www.museodelprado.es/coleccion/obra-de-arte/bodegon-con-besugos-naranjas-ajo-condimentos-y/6fd5f345-04ad-4a74-aa45-386caf81b400?searchid=409cf5ec-6326-24d2-9335-f4e293ab06bdClassically trained figure artist who dedicated his career to still life paintings
Johann Joachim KaendlerGermanM18th1730 - 1770SculptorParrot (1732) Dresden State Art Museums.https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/u/0/asset/parrot/uQHMjd4YE4WGCw?hl=enFather of porcelain sculpture, whose works defined small-scale works for generations with few, if any, who have surpassed his gifts.
Michel Claude ClodionFrenchM18th1738 - 1814SculptorThe Intoxication of Wine (c. 1785) Metropolitan Museum of Art.http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/14.40.687/Prolific sculptor of sensuous and lively figures in terra cotta, whose works were reviled by Revolutionaries for their relationship with the Ancien Regime.
John FlaxmannBritishM18th/19th1755 - 1826Sculptor, Painter, EngraverMonument to Lord Nelson. St. Paul's Cathedral, London.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_FlaxmanThe British leader of Neoclassicism who became the chief artist for Wedgewood
Christoffer Wilhelm EckersbergDanishM18th/19th1783 - 1853PainterUlysses Fleeing the Cave of Polyphemus (1812) Princeton University Art Museum.http://www.apollo-magazine.com/the-timeless-modernity-of-a-forgotten-danish-painter/Danish Neoclassicist who laid the foundation for the Golden Age of Danish Painting.
Charles GleyreSwissM19th1806 - 1874PainterLe Soir (1853) Private Collectionhttps://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_GleyreSwiss painter and professor at the École des Beaux Arts, sometimes called "the real Father of Impressionism."
Josephus Laurentius DyckmansBelgianM19th1811 - 1888PainterThe Blind Beggar (1852) Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephus_Laurentius_DyckmansPainter of meticulous genre scenes, earning the moniker of the "Belgian Gerrit Dou."
Lénard Morel LadeuilFrenchM19th1820 - 1888SculptorThe Milton Shield (1867)http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/238821His most famous work was a multifigural representation of Milt's epic poem Paradise Lost.
Antonio CiseriSwiss-ItalianM19th1821 - 1891PainterEcce Homo (1871)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_CiseriFlorentine painter of large-scale religious history painting.
Hugues MerleFrenchM19th1823 - 1881PainterThe Scarlet Letter (1859) Walters Art Museum.http://beardedroman.com/forgotten-master-hugues-merle-french-1823-1881/Exemplar and early competitor to William Adolphe Bouguereau.
Isidore Jules BonhuerFrenchM19th1827 - 1901SculptorGladiateur à cheval (1902) Paris.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isidore_BonheurMonumental and decorative animalier sculptor, who worked closely with and was overshadowed by his sister Rosa Bonheur.
Enoch Wood PerryAmericanM19th1831 - 1915PainterThe True American (1874) Metropolitan Museum of Art.http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11759Friend of Mark Twain, Winslow Homer, Albert Beirstadt, Eduard Manet, and John Singer Sargent, who trained in Munich and Paris, then returned to the US to paint American life during the Civil War and founded the California Academy of Art.
Leon BonnatFrenchM19th1833 - 1922PainterThe Martyrdom of Saint Denis, Pantheon (Paris)http://beardedroman.com/leon-bonnat-french-1833-1922-the-first-classical-realist/Director of the Beaux-Arts Academy (Paris), painter of Paris Opera House and Pantheon; prolific teacher who deepend the influence of Velázquez over nineteenth-century art.
Lemuel WilmarthAmericanM19th1835 - 1918PainterStill life with oranges and raisins (Private Collection)http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=14367Founder of the Art Students League of New York, and one of America's most influential art teachers.
John Atkinson GrimshawBritishM19th1836 - 1893PainterReflections on the Thames, Westminster (1880) Leeds Museums and Galleries.http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/8762559/Atkinson-Grimshaw-Painter-of-Moonlight-at-the-Guildhall-Art-Gallery-in-London.htmlDedicated to a narrow range of atmopheric painting, he nevertheless took his subjects to new levels of craft and imagination.
Carolus DuranFrenchM19th1837 - 1917PainterL'homme enormi (1861)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolus-DuranOne of the most sought-after and influential portratist of his time; teacher of John Singer Sargent and Thomas Eakins. His technique challenged and changed academic practice.
Mariano Fortuny y MarsalSpanish (Catalan) M19th1838 - 1874PainterThe Odalisque (1861)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mari%C3%A0_FortunyAn nineteenth-century superstar whose works were known mostly in print, before dying at the age of 38
Mihály MunkácsyHungarianM19th1844 - 1900PainterChrist before Pilate (1881)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mih%C3%A1ly_Munk%C3%A1csyHungarian painte of monumental religious and genre scens. His work, Christ before Pilate, was one of the most famous works of the 19th century, seen by millions of people.
Luisa Starr CanzianiAmerican-BritishF19th1845 - 1909PainterDavid Presenting the Head of Goliath to Saulhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisa_StarrSuffragette and pioneering painter. The first woman allowd to study at the Royal Academy (London) and first woman to win a Gold Medal for her work.
Édouard Debat PonsanFrenchM19th1847 - 1913PainterLa Vérité sortant du puits (1898)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89douard_Debat-PonsanMilitary vetran and painter whose work spanned history, politics, orientalism, and peasant scenes.
Francisco Pradilla y OrtizSpanishM19th1848 1921PainterDoña Juana la Loca (1878)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Pradilla_OrtizThe orphan son of Spanish farmhands, who rose to become an international superstar reviving an interest in Diego Veláques through his works.
Fanny FleuryFrenchF19th/20th1848 - 1940PainterBebe dort (1884)http://beardedroman.com/forgotten-master-fanny-fleury-french-1843-or-1848-1940/Star pupil of Carolus-Duran, considered by many to be superior ther contemporary John Singer Sargent.
Paul RicherFrenchM19th/20th1849 - 1933SculptorBronze Smith (c. 1900)https://us.expertissim.com/paul-m-l-pierre-richer-bronze-smith-12172568Master of human anatomy who used his skills both as surgeon, sculptor and educator.
Julius KronbergSwedishM19th/20th1850 - 1921PainterDavid och Saul (1885)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_KronbergEducated in Stockholm, Paris, Düssseldorf and Copenhagen, Kronberg spnt most of his career working for the Swedish Royal family, and is little known outside his native land.
Emilio Sánchez PerrierSpanish-FrenchM19th/20th1855 - 1907PainterBank of the Guardaira with Boat (c. 1890)http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=477Master of landscape and water scenes
Juan Luna y NovicioFilipino M19th1857 - 1899PainterSpoliarium (1884)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_LunaFreedom fighter, trained in Madrid and Rome, who became the Philippines' most celebrated painter.
Charles Frederic UlrichAmericanM19th1858 - 1908PainterIn the Land of Promisehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Frederic_UlrichStudied in Munich alongside William Merritt Chase, but did little public work despite enormous talent.
Jacques de LalaingBritish/BelgianM19th/20th1858 - 1917SculptorLa Lutte équestre ou Le combat des cavaliers (1899 - 1909)https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_de_Lalaing_(1858-1917)Diplomat and sculptor who specialized historical and funerary monuments.
Virginie Demont-BretonFrenchF19th/20th1859 - 1935PainterThe Divine Apprenticehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginie_Demont-BretonPresident of the Union of Women Painters and sculptors who opened the écoles des Beaux-Arts to women and becam an Officer of the Légion d'honneur.
Peder Mørk MønstedDanishM19th/20th1859 - 1941PainterSleigh ride on a sunny winter day (1919) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peder_M%C3%B8rk_M%C3%B8nstedVirtosic painter of landscape, whose realist and impressionist paintings were out of step with Modernism
Cyrus DallinAmericanM19th/20th1861 - 1944SculptorAppeal to the Great Spirit (1909)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_the_Great_SpiritMonumental sculptor of Early-American and colonial history.
Théo van RyssellberghBelgianM19th/20th1862 - 1926PainterThe Bathershttp://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/list.php?m=a&s=tu&aid=381Belgian neo-impressionist painter, who played a pivotal role in the European art scene at the turn of the century.
Federick Cayley RobinsonBritishM19th/20th1862 - 1927PainterActs of Mercy (1915-1920)http://beardedroman.com/forgotten-master-frederick-cayley-robinson-british-1862-1927/An English symbolist painter, who took five years to complete his masterpiece: Acts of Mercy, inspired by the heroism and aftermath of WWI.
Arthur RackhamBritishM19th/20th1867 - 1939IllustratorAlice's Adventures in Wonderlandhttp://www.artpassions.net/rackham/aliceinwonderland.html#illustrations_onlyHis illustrations of Peter Pan, Gulivers Travels, The Lord of the Rinds, and Alice and Wonderland were considered high art.
Florence FullerSouth African-AustralianF19th/20th1867 - 1946PainterInseparables (c. 1900)https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Florence_Fuller_-_Inseparables_-_Google_Art_Project.jpgBorn in South Africa, trained in Australia and Europe, Fuller won awards at the prestigioius Paris Salon and founded two art schools before spending the last 20 years of her life in a mental institution.
William Sargent KendalllAmericanM19th/20th1869 - 1938Painter/SculptorAn Interlude (1907)https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Sergeant_Kendall_-_An_Interlude_-_Google_Art_Project.jpgEuropean-trained American artist known for treatment of everyday life.
Pietro CanonicaItalianM19th/20th1869 - 1959SculptorL'abisso (1909)http://www.italianways.com/the-pietro-canonica-museum-in-rome/Sculptor, painter, opera composer, Senator for life, and professor of the fine arts.
Albert HerterAmericanM20th1871 - 1950MuralistWisconsin Supreme Court muralshttp://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/herter/Prolific muralist of American history.
Anna Hyatt HuntingtonAmericanF20th1876 - 1973SculptorEl Cidhttp://hickoryart.org/new-blog/2015/6/21/anna-vaughn-hyatt-huntington-1876-1973Sculptor of monumental bronze historical and religious works.
Ellen Hoffman-BangDanishF20th1879 - 1971PainterJewish women weeping in exile (1910)http://www.artnet.com/WebServices/images/ll00120lldvuoGFgJXECfDrCWvaHBOcaBED/ellen-hofman-bang-jewish-women-weeping-in-exile.jpgDanish painter and illustrator who specialized in religious and mythological works.
Hans PurrmannGermanM20th1880 - 1966PainterAdoration of the Magi (1924)http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/list.php?m=a&s=tu&aid=2134Student and business partner of Henri Matisse, who founded the German Art Foundation.
Antonio VannettiItalianM20th1881 - 1962SculptorBonapart a cheval (c. 1920)http://www.anthonysfineart.com/2740/showAfter serving as a POW in WWI, Vanetti gave up his training as a monumental sculptor to become a diplomat who worked in China, Japan, Vietnam, Panama, Cuba and the US.
Minerva TeichertAmericanF20th1888 - 1976PainterNight Raid (1941)https://store.moa.byu.edu/night-raid-1383.htmlRobert Henri's "greatest student" who left New York to homestead in the rural West and paint more than 400 large-scale religious scene during the Great Depression.
Arkadi Aleksandrovich PlastovRussianM20th1893 - 1972PainterHarvest Meal at Noon Day (1945)http://bobart.org/docent/plastov/harvest.jpgSoviet impressionists, whose timeless depictions of Russian peasant life transcended politics and time.
Ives GammellAmericanM20th1893 - 1981PainterHound of Heavenhttp://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=192Fierce defender of tradition out of step with time who produced complex allegorical works
Albert BrenetFrenchM20th1903 - 2005PainterSS France at Saint-Nazaire (1961)http://gurneyjourney.blogspot.com/2014/11/gouache-master-albert-brenet.htmlProlific guoache artist, whose depictions of industrial and landscape scenes stretched visual representation.
Pietro AnnigoniItalianM20th1910 - 1988Painter, SculptorSermon on the Moujnt (1953)http://artrenewal.org/pages/artwork.php?artworkid=7897Portraitist and fresco painter who acted as a bridge between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries for classical artists.
Arnold FribergAmericanM20th1913 - 2010PainterAbinadi before King Noah (c. 1960)https://www.lds.org/media-library/images/abinadi-before-king-noah-39651?lang=engProlific Illustrator and painter whose anonymously authored religious scenes have been seen by billions
Nils Blommér
Gyula Benczúr

 

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7 Comments

  1. Michael Hall
    6/22/2016
    Reply

    Micah, your list is fantastic! I’m not familiar with all of the artists on the list, but I’m excited to familiarize myself with them. I’m glad that you included Charles Gleyre! He’s on of my favorites.
    Here are a few more names to consider,

    Sir W Hamo Thornycroft 1850-1925
    Zinaida Serebriakova 1884-1967
    Puvis de Chavannes 1824-1898
    George Frederick Watts 1817-1904
    Jacopo Sansovino 1486-1570
    Loenardo Bistolfi 1859-1933
    Francesco Jerace 1853-1937
    And I’m not sure if you would consider him a forgotten master, but I’ll put him down any way
    Ivan Kramskoy 1837-1887

    Michael

  2. To revive these forgotten masters is really a great idea.
    Here in germany it is escpecially striking,
    because there is so much lost during the war and up to date
    there is no lobby for the salon artists of the 19 century.

    A few artist i would like to add:

    + Jehan Georges Vibert (French 1840-1902), the master of anti-clerical art. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jehan_Georges_Vibert

    + Karl Theodor von Piloty (German 1826-1886), teacher of many famous pupils , Makart, Lenbach, Defregger and so on. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_von_Piloty

    + Henriette Browne (French 1829 – 1901), the following painting is one of the most impressive i have seen in person. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Henriette_Browne#/media/File:Browne,_Henriette_-_The_Sisters_of_Mercy_-_1859.JPG

    + Charles Frederick Goldie (New Zealand 1870-1947), master of maori portraits. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._F._Goldie

    + Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (Austrian 1793 – 1865), an early master of light with a polarizing personality. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Georg_Waldm%C3%BCller

  3. Brock Alius
    6/24/2016
    Reply

    Emile friant
    Kenyon cox
    Harold speed
    Jules lefevbre
    Annie swynnerton
    Ramon casas
    Abram arkhipov
    Frank benson
    Edmund Tarbell
    John white Alexander
    Jules lepage
    Johan vibert
    Thomas Lawrence
    Hebert draper
    Solomon j Solomon
    Leon Perrault
    George clausen
    PS kroyer
    Leon l’hermitte

  4. Brock Alius
    6/24/2016
    Reply

    Sorry. I guess a few have had recent exhibitions/catalogues. I’d love to hear about Kenyon cox. And Harold speed, since he so beloved for his books. Emile friant too

  5. Julian Fuchs
    8/3/2017
    Reply

    Hello Mr Christensen,
    I’ve got a couple of artists for the list:
    Joseph-Benoit Suvée (1743-1807, Flemish Neo-Classicist)
    Francois-Joseph Kinson (1770-1839, Flemish court painter of Napoleon Bonaparte)
    Jacob van Oost the Elder (1603-1671, Flemish Baroque)
    Jacob van Oost the Younger (1639-1713 Flemish Baroque)
    Honoré Daumier (1808-1879, French painter and caricaturist)
    Augustin van den Berghe (1756-1836, Dutch historical painter)
    Fernand Cormon (1845-1924, French historical painter)
    Gustave Doré (1832-1883, French illustrator and painter)
    Valentin Serov (1865-1911, Russian portrait painter)

    I love watching your lectures online, thank you so much for posting them.
    Greetings from Germany

    • Thank you so much! That’s a great list. I am familiar with some of them; but, many are new to me. That’t terrific.

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